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«European Journal of Philosophical Research» – philosophy scientific Journal.

E-ISSN 2413-7286

Publication frequency – once a year

Issued from 2014.

1 March 01, 2016

full number
URL: http://ejournal17.com/journals_n/1455294789.pdf
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Articles and Statements

2. Alexander Fedorov
Ideological and Philosophical Analysis of the Functioning of Media in Society and Media Texts on Media Education Classes

European Journal of Philosophical Research, 2016, Vol. (5), Is. 1, pp. 4-12.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpr.2016.5.4CrossRef

Ideological and Philosophical Analysis of the functioning of media in society and media texts: analysis of the ideological, philosophical aspects of media sphere. The ideological theory of media becomes as the theoretical basis. It is assumed that the media are able to deliberately influence public opinion, including in the interests of a particular social class, race or nation. Pedagogical strategy of media education is reduced to the study of political, philosophical, social, and economic aspects of the national media, to analyze the numerous contradictions that contain these issues from the perspective of a particular class, race, religion or nation. In this case, the audience should be able to define: the difference between media images and well-known facts; the reliability of the source; the accuracy of the determination; valid and invalid statements; the difference between the primary and secondary information, approval; partiality of judgment; installed and uninstalled judgment; vague and ambiguous arguments; a logical inconsistency in the chain of reasoning; the force of the argument.

URL: http://ejournal17.com/journals_n/1455294034.pdf
Number of views: 1657      Download in PDF

3. Fedor I. Girenok
Crisis of Metaphysics

European Journal of Philosophical Research, 2016, Vol. (5), Is. 1, pp. 13-17.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpr.2016.5.13CrossRef

The article is devoted to a problem of crisis of metaphysics. According to the author, the essence of this crisis consists in verbal revolt. One words, such as «substance», «essence», are defined by themselves. Others – are in the subordinated situation, and now they demanded equality. After a modernist style in philosophy there are no final instances, there are no main words. All words are equal now. And if they are equal then philosophy as the metaphysics comes to an end and the philosophy as physics begins. And if the philosophy as physics begins, it means that the philosophy in general disappears. It appears either literature, or physics. In anthropology crisis of metaphysics is swept up shift of interest in madness. Pathology – now a key to norm, but not norm – a key to pathology. Crisis of metaphysics is expressed also in idea about death of the subject. The subject is connected with existence in the world of rules, clear norms, laws and sequences. Behind borders of these norms – chaos. According to the author, time of the subject passed, there came subjectivity time. And it conducts to disappearance in philosophy of epistemo-logical problems. Philosophy not knowledge, but meanings interest.

URL: http://ejournal17.com/journals_n/1455294253.pdf
Number of views: 1617      Download in PDF

4. Nikolay N. Kozhevnikov, Vera S. Danilova
The World Coordinate System on the Basis of Limit Dynamic Equilibriums

European Journal of Philosophical Research, 2016, Vol. (5), Is. 1, pp. 18-26.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpr.2016.5.18CrossRef

All natural formations strive to three fundamental equilibriums: identification, communication-network, full-time existence of natural formation. However they never reach these limits. The coordinate systems created by specific natural formations, at the expense of the connected substances (energy, information, matter) which is balanced within them. It creates «cell dynamic equilibrium» general for natural formations and coordinate systems. The main idea of our developing approach is formulated in the following way. The surrounding world consists of two unequal parts. On the one hand this chain and structure of interrelated limit dynamic equilibrium in the formation at various levels of organization of the world they are the same. On the other hand it is the rest of the world, covering nonequilibrium processes and phenomena. The main idea of the natural coordinate system of the world is that all the natural and cultural education and their structure can be related to the ultimate fundamental equilibrium of three types. These limits are mapped to the coordinate axis, which is associated with these fundamental limits. All the processes on the unknown levels in the world are balanced by means such extreme notions as "vacuum", "inertial systems", "quasi-static processes," "spirituality". System coordinates of the world is simple and accessible to everyone. The contact with coordinate system may begin through the sensory representations, using theoretical models of knowledge, creating a combination of all the possible types of such interactions. After that coordinate system adjusts itself for stable relationship with individual.

URL: http://ejournal17.com/journals_n/1455294342.pdf
Number of views: 1690      Download in PDF

5. Sergey A. Lebedev
Scientific Knowledge: the Demarcation Problem

European Journal of Philosophical Research, 2016, Vol. (5), Is. 1, pp. 27-34.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpr.2016.5.27CrossRef

In the article analyzes the problem of the demarcation of scientific knowledge, formulations and justifications of the criterion for distinguishing scientific knowledge from other kinds of knowledge: everyday, philosophical, religious, artistic, etc. The author develops the concept of systematic demarcation of scientific knowledge. It means, first, that the demarcation criterion includes not one property of scientific knowledge, but the system of such properties. The properties of scientific knowledge according to the author are: objects of scientific knowledge, its reasoning, unambiguity of meaning and sense of its concepts and judgments, verification (empirical or analytical), consistency, systematic, justification, generally accepted. And, secondly, that these properties are specific to their specificity towards different structural units of scientific knowledge: scientific knowledge types, levels and atomic units of scientific knowledge. The main conclusion of the article: methodological truth is (should be) equally concrete, like all other truths of science.

URL: http://ejournal17.com/journals_n/1455294603.pdf
Number of views: 1611      Download in PDF

6. Sergey A. Lebedev
The General Epistemological Content of Science

European Journal of Philosophical Research, 2016, Vol. (5), Is. 1, pp. 35-47.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpr.2016.5.35CrossRef

One of the important elements of scientific knowledge is the scientific content of the norms and ideals of scientific research. It consists of statements of two kinds: 1) claims on the criteria of scientific knowledge and how it differs from various kinds of non-scientific knowledge (ordinary, artistic, philosophical, religious, etc.) and 2) claims about the methods of scientific cognition, about his ideals and norms. The first genus claims for science has the status of a priori and a constant (absolute) knowledge, and the second kind of scientific epistemological claims has the status of a relative and changeable knowledge, both in diachronic and synchronic aspects of function of science. These two kinds of General scientific principles of epistemological knowledge complement each other and interact in a real process of scientific cognition.

URL: http://ejournal17.com/journals_n/1455294673.pdf
Number of views: 1767      Download in PDF

7. Elena Volodarskaya
The Methodological Approach of Three-Pronged Approach of M.G. Yaroshevsky to the Analysis of Scientific Activity

European Journal of Philosophical Research, 2016, Vol. (5), Is. 1, pp. 48-52.
DOI: 10.13187/ejpr.2016.5.48CrossRef

Factor of an assessment of functioning of science is a system of indicators of overall performance of the scientist as which resultant characteristic quality of researches and development can act acts. It is necessary to understand important parameters (indicators) system from the point of view of the consumer of this product as concept of quality of a scientific product. Mark out the internal efficiency of scientific activity connected with efficiency of results of scientific activity in the science and the external efficiency covering all aspects of use of scientific results out of science. In science of science it is about such parameters of scientific result as efficiency, productivity, usefulness, scientific and technical products value. Efficiency is understood as quantity of the scientific production made by the scientist, and as productivity – ability of the scientist to make scientific production of a certain quality. Usefulness and value of scientific production is considered depending on degree of compliance of quality of scientific production to needs of society for new knowledge. Along with the parameter of novelty of scientific result mark out its objectivity, impartiality, importance of a discovery as in the theoretical plan for development of science, and for its practical use, speaking about theoretical and practical importance, the importance of scientific result, and also the characteristic of its prospects, relevance and originality. One of necessary characteristics of the scientific theory is its predictability, that is aiming at the future, predictive nature of result. Ability to scientific anticipation, creation of model of the future defines objectivity of the content of knowledge, its adequacy, a validity, openness to new experience. Predictive nature of methodological approach, the theory is shown in compliance of the results received in follow-up activity, to results on the basis of which this theory is formulated during the concrete historical period. The purpose of work consists in the analysis of a the predictability as one of criteria of an assessment of scientific result and image of science in general on the example of three-aspect the approaches to the analysis of scientific activity developed by very famous domestic psychologist and the historian of science M. G. Yaroshevsky. The idea that studying of scientific activity has to be carried out systemically, taking into account interrelation of three major aspects of scientific creativity is the cornerstone of the principle of a three-pronged approach of studying of phenomena of science: 1) the subject and logical, reflecting internal logic development of scientific knowledge, representation in the program of activity of the scientist of objective logic of the studied subject; 2) social and scientific, characterizing scientific community in general, the relations in scientific community, a social context of functioning of science, and 3) the personal and psychological, including individual and personal features subject of scientific activity, personal parameters of creativity. The subject of scientific creativity – the scientist, scientific groups, science in general, and the ideas of its existing in society can be analysed in three-dimensional space of subject, social and psychological vectors. Studying of image of science and state scientific policy from the point of view of allocation of subject, social and scientific and personal and psychological components is allowed to study how internal logic of development of scientific knowledge, intellectual activity is shown in dynamics of substantial forms of the organization of process of research, to reveal interference macro - and microsocial factors of creativity and social operating conditions of science, to define interrelation of the external and internal factors of scientific search concretized in individual and psychological features of the scientist.

URL: http://ejournal17.com/journals_n/1455294756.pdf
Number of views: 1627      Download in PDF

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